By Miranda Massie on July 16, 2019
Over the past few weeks, a number of friends and colleagues have shared news articles, stories and recommendations with me, all related to time and technology. Perhaps there are new research results circulating, or maybe summer activities are inspiring folks to think more about how they spend their time. No matter the reason, these topics have been floating around in my head.
A fine line exists between supportive technology and digital overload. Programs and apps are constantly emerging, most designed to theoretically make our lives easier and enable us to do more with the time we have. And yet, we know our devices can leave us feeling lonely, overwhelmed and disconnected. So is technology making us more efficient or creating further distance between us and those around us — and potentially even distancing us from our true selves?
This month, I’m sharing suggestions — both digital and human-centred — for bringing more awareness to our use of technology.
The above actions will help you:
- Relax your eyes, neck and wrists
- Increase feelings of closeness and connection through social time with others
- Create space for increased mindfulness, less multi-tasking, and a greater attention span
This summer, I encourage you to try using “smart technology” more intelligently. Focus on connecting with yourself and your communities in ways that will support and rejuvenate you for the busy fall months ahead.
Signing off until September!
All my best,
By Miranda Massie on June 4, 2019
I recently attended a national conference on mental health in the workplace. The first keynote speaker stood up and began his presentation with a question: “If we don’t have mental health at work, what do we have?” He was emphasising how common professional and workplace goals (including productivity, success, achievement and growth) depend on our capacity to foster and maintain our mental health. In other words, we have to be well to work well.
Wellbeing is a complex interaction of the biological, psychological and social aspects of our lives. It is the ability to understand the role that each of these aspects plays in supporting us to reach our full potential. Mental health is the capacity to feel, think and act in ways that enhance our ability to enjoy life and deal with the challenges we face. In UBC’s Wellbeing Strategic Framework, mental health and resilience is a priority area because it recognizes how important effective coping strategies are to our mental health and our abilities to live, learn, work and support one another.
What I have just described is a concept called “mental health literacy”. This type of health literacy goes beyond awareness and understanding, emphasizing the actions we can take to care for our mental health. Specifically, it involves:
- Understanding how to obtain and maintain positive mental health
- Understanding mental disorders and their treatments
- Decreasing stigma related to mental disorders
- Understanding how to seek help effectively
All of these components help us manage our relationships, problem solve effectively, feel positive about our lives and selves, and achieve our goals.
Fast facts to boost your mental health literacy:
Not all stress is bad
Stress is a normal part of the human experience; it allows us to learn, grow and develop. Recognizing when stress has become chronic or harmful can help us minimize the potential negative impacts on our wellbeing . Whether we view stressors as positive or negative can also affect how they impact our lives . The following resources provide additional information about stress, its impacts and ways to manage it.
- How to Make Stress Your Friend (Ted Talk)
- Toxic stress and early human development (Harvard University)
- Advice for managing effects of stress from UBC’s Dr. Eli Puterman
Mental health is not the same as mental illness
Being mentally well is different from having a diagnosed mental illness . People living with mental illness can achieve high levels of mental health. Conversely, just because someone doesn’t have a mental illness does not mean that they are feeling or coping well.
Language is important
Words are powerful, and our choice of words and phrases can inadvertently feed into negative attitudes and behaviour surrounding mental illness. By increasing our literacy and shifting our language to be more accurate and empathetic, we can positively impact those experiencing mental illness.
Asking for or offering help is good for us
Reaching out to others for support or connection is a sign that our body’s stress response is functioning effectively . Helping others buffers the negative impacts of stress and improves our overall resilience . Assess your mental health from time to time and ask for help if you need it. Learn to recognize when someone else may have declining mental health and help them find resources for support. UBC HR provides the following support services for faculty and staff:
- Online mental health assessment tools
- How to help colleagues in distress
- Counselling services through UBC’s Employee and Family Assistance Program (available to all UBC employees and their eligible dependents)
- Clinical mental health services (including extended health provisions)
We all have a role to play in creating safe, supported and educated communities at UBC. This month, I encourage you to increase you mental health literacy through one of the resources mentioned above or by trying something new for your mental health.
All my best,
 Public Health Agency of Canada, 2014
 Kutcher et al., 2016, p.155; Whitley, Smith, & Vaillancourt, 2012; Whitley & Gooderham, 2016
 The Working Mind Training, Mental Health Commission of Canada, 2018
 Abiola Keller et al., “Does the perception that stress affects health matter? The association with health and mortality”, Health Psychology, September 2012
 Corey L. M. Keyes. (2002). The Mental Health Continuum: From Languishing to Flourishing in Life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43(2), 207-222. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3090197
 Heinrichs, M., Baumgartner, T., Kirschbaum, C., & Ehlert, U. (2003). Social support and oxytocin interact to suppress cortisol and subjective responses to psychosocial stress. Biological Psychiatry, 54(12), 1389-1398. doi:10.1016/S0006-3223(03)00465-7
 Michael J. Poulin et al., “Giving to others and the association between stress and mortality”, American Journal of Public Health, September 2013
Photo credit: UBC Human Resources
By Miranda Massie on May 2, 2019
The spring edition of Healthy UBC is always my favourite because I get to talk about a subject I’m passionate about: sex. As a community sexual health educator and health promoter, I see the critical importance of unbiased education, inclusive health care, and safe spaces for discussing a topic that’s often kept behind closed doors.
This month, I’m sharing some helpful hints, tips and information to support your sexual and reproductive health journeys.
Check under the hood regularly
Whether you’re sexually active or planning to conceive, regular checkups are important. Annual physicals or sexual health screenings help ensure that you’re free from health risks associated with your reproductive system, like infections or cancer.
To find a comfortable, supportive environment for all your needs, check out this list of sex-positive sexual health service providers across the province1. Click here to explore transgender and gender-affirming health care services in BC. (learn more about sex positivity and how to tell if your health care provider is sex-positive here).
Know your rights
Historically, many aspects of sexuality have been controlled, limited or prescribed by law. Supporting sexual health can sometimes involve knowing your rights and understanding how to advocate for them. Check out the following resources:
- Rights critical to the realization of sexual health (Action Canada for Sexual Health & Rights)
- Understanding abortion law in Canada (Options for Sexual Health)
- Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment (Human Rights in BC)
Avoid Dr. Google
The internet can be a scary place, especially when you type “sex” into the search bar. For accurate and unbiased information, try going directly to one of the following sources:
- Sex&U (The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada)
- Options for Sexual Health (BC member of International Planned Parenthood)
- Action Canada for Sexual Health and Rights
- Sexual and Reproductive Health Week
- Sexual Violence Prevention and Response (UBC resource)
The body-brain connection
Mental health can impact our ability to lead the sexual lives we want (both positively and negatively). Conversely, difficulties like illness, injury and challenges with conception or sexual function can take an emotional toll on our wellbeing. The following resources explore the connection between the brain and sexual health:
- UBC researcher Dr. Lori Brotto’s work on mindfulness and sexual pleasure
- Sexual Health and Disability (Action Canada for Sexual Health & Rights)
- Pregnancy Loss Resources (BC Women’s Hospital & Health Centre)
Learning is a lifelong process
It’s never too early or too late to learn more about sexual health. Body science is a great way to teach young children about consent and prevent abuse. Older adults might try dating again, or learn about the physical changes that come with age. Regardless of age, there is always more to learn!
- Sex-Ed: What is it and why does it matter? (Action Canada for Sexual Health & Rights)
- Understanding your child’s sexual development and information and resources for children with differing abilities (Alberta Health Services’ teachingsexualhealth.ca)
- Sexuality and Aging (Centre for Sexuality)
- Sex and Seniors (Canadian Public Health Association)
- Why we need to talk about menopause — candidly (Globe and Mail)
I encourage you to consider one thing you might do to support your sexual or reproductive health. Have fun exploring what sexuality means to you and how it connects to your overall sense of wellbeing.
Don’t forget to “heart your parts”!
All my best,
Posted in Editorial, Mental Health, Miranda Massie, Physical Health | Tagged age, ageing, brain, care, editorial, mental health, physical health, reproductive health, rights, Safety, sex, sex positivity, sexual health, sexuality, Support, transgender | Leave a response
By Miranda Massie on April 2, 2019
Travelling is top of mind for me right now. On spring break, I spent two weeks chaperoning teenagers across Italy and Greece. And though the dust hasn’t even had time to settle on my suitcase, I’m already dreaming of my next adventure and my next destination. Unfortunately, a major barrier to my wanderlust is always the associated costs. Travelling is expensive and requires discipline both prior to and during a trip.
This month, I’m sharing some money-savvy hacks to support your frugal and fruitful travel.
Keep your eye on the deals
Take breakfast to go
Book hotel stays that include breakfast. Start your day with a big meal and pack extra snacks so you can save money on food throughout the day.
Avoid on-the-road prices
Pack your own food on travel days so you can avoid paying for pricey food on flights and trains or in airports. With healthy options on hand, you’ll be able to avoid the drive-through.
Find the free days
Many museums and galleries have free days or visiting times throughout the week. Some also offer discounts for students, children and families. Check their websites in advance.
Double check your coverage
Be sure to check your travel insurance coverage, or the coverage of a spouse or dependent. If you’re already covered through work or a credit card, you can avoid paying additional insurance costs. If you are enrolled in UBC’s extended health befits, be familiar with your coverage while travelling outside BC or Canada. Visit the UBC travel benefits site.
Take a staycation!
A vacation does not always need to involve travel. Take advantage of the amazing sights, eats and activities available locally. This will also allow you to save your dollars for a future trip. Read more about staycation ideas for Metro Vancouver on Daily Hive and Miss604.
Wherever your travels take you, I encourage you to prioritize taking time off. Breaks are important for building resilience and promoting mental and physical health. Allow yourself time to breathe, relax and be present without the threat of an incoming credit card bill looming in your head. Have any savvy travel hacks of your own? Share in the comments below!
All my best,
Photo credit: Miranda Massie
By Miranda Massie on March 4, 2019
Nourishment goes beyond nutrition, beyond food labels, calories and superfoods. Nourishment is a mental, physical and even spiritual state where we feel fulfilled, satiated and whole. Our modern lives often have us running to and from commitments, engaging with fast-paced technology and navigating personal and professional demands. This leaves little time to think of food as anything but the fuel to help get us there. In the spirit of Nutrition Month, I’m providing a little ‘food for thought’ (pun-intended), some simple steps to support feeling nourished.
1. Practice gratitude
At the start of a meal, take a quick moment to consider where your food came from. Picture who had to work in order for the food to land on your plate. In that moment, pause and say thank you.
Why: Gratitude supports mental health and wellbeing, and slowing down supports healthy digestion.
2. Don’t forget your liquids
The body needs food to function, but it needs hydration to survive. To ensure that you are hydrated throughout the day, try water tracking and reminder apps, incorporating beverages into your daily routine (before breakfast, before bed, with all meals), and using a favourite water bottle.
Why: 60% of our bodies are made up of water, which needs to be replenished in order to support many important health functions.
3. Prioritize sleep
Set up a sleep routine and do your best to keep it consistent. Try setting a reminder to go to bed at the same time each day, invest in comfortable sheets, limit caffeine consumption and avoid technology before bed.
Why: Sleep and nutrition go hand in hand. Our diet can positively or negatively impact our quality of sleep, and our sleep patterns can result in irregular or overindulgent eating habits.
4. Identify what brings you comfort
For me, comfort food includes cheesy pasta, salt and vinegar potato chips and wine. We all deserve to indulge once in a while: it’s important. However, we should also be aware that we define these foods as ‘comfort’. We often use these foods as a way to avoid dealing with challenging people, situations or emotions. By identifying the foods that you crave the most, it brings awareness to the emotions driving the eating.
Why: Being more mindful of why and when we reach for certain foods can interrupt habits and enable portion control and increased self-awareness.
5. Listen to your body
Pay attention to subtle signs your body might be telling you about your diet. Consider writing them down or tracking them over time. Have a headache? Your body might need more water or perhaps you’ve been drinking sugary beverages. Experiencing a gastro-intestinal issue? This could indicate an allergy or a need for more fibre-rich foods. Skin inflammation? This might indicate a food intolerance.
Why: Getting to know your body’s rhythms can help catch an issue, challenge or allergy early, leading to increased physical comfort and piece of mind.
This month, I encourage you to look beyond nutrition and reflect on what helps you feel nourished. This may mean eating meals with friends, establishing a new bedtime routine or even indulging in your favourite comfort foods (just to make sure they’re still as delicious as you remember).
You can also read more about strategies to help you feel nourished.
All my best,
Posted in Editorial, Miranda Massie, Nutrition | Tagged comfort, editorial, gratitude, mental health, nourishment, Nutrition, nutrition month, physical health, sleep, tips, tricks, UBC, water | 2 Responses
By Miranda Massie on February 5, 2019
Recent life events have reminded me of just how fragile our health can be. It is something we often take for granted, until it fails us in some way. These setbacks can leave us feeling betrayed by the very vessel that is supposed to protect and sustain us.
Sometime we don’t want to move. Sometimes we can’t. Sometimes it hurts. And sometimes, our minds are focused on other things. It can be easy to focus on all of the things that are going wrong, and not leave space for what might be going right.
Regardless of where we are in our individual journeys towards health, there are lots of ways to spark inspiration and progress. Below is a diverse list of ideas to prompt some acts of love for our bodies and minds.
- Try 20-Body Positive Affirmations (Popsugar Fitness)
- Take a Virtual Health Check-up (UBC Health, Wellbeing and Benefits)
- Use a stretch prompter recommended by UBC Ergonomics or download a break reminder like Stretch Clock, Stand up! or Workrave.
- Wear Your Active Wear on February 28
- Connect physically with others (The Guardian)
This month, I encourage you to find a way to show your body some love. Try focusing on the parts of your body that you love instead of loathe. Perhaps change your routine to allow for more sleep. Maybe book a check-up or a massage. You might indulge in your favourite foods.
However you go about it, aiming a little gratitude towards your body can go a long way to supporting your physical and emotional health.
All my best,
By Miranda Massie on January 8, 2019
Welcome to a new term and a brand new year. By the time some of you are reading this, your work will be well underway. My typical day jumps from one workshop to the next and one project to the next, seldom leaving time for pause, reflection, or celebration.
Before things get too hectic and we really start to feel the pressure, I’d like to take a moment to arrive – where we have the space to take a deep breath, to reflect and to pat ourselves and others on the back for a job well done. Try it with me.
Inhale 1, 2, 3, 4, 5…
Exhale 1, 2, 3, 4, 5…
Inhale 1, 2, 3, 4, 5…
Exhale 1, 2, 3, 4, 5…
If you’re looking to incorporate a moment to arrive into your day, or even your team meetings, follow the instructions below:
- Pause before you begin a meeting, group activity or task.
- Invite everyone to take 1 minute to focus their attention on breathing.
- Allow the body and mind to settle and focus on what you are about to begin.
This month, I encourage you to take a moment to arrive – whether it’s at your desk, for a meeting or to connect your mind and body. Acknowledge the past and allow yourself to start fresh and anew.
We accomplished a lot last year and many of you took the time to share your feedback and tell us how Healthy UBC supports your wellbeing. Here are some of my (and your) favourite articles from 2018:
- Five Secrets to a Healthier Heart: Ways to improve the physical and emotional health of your heart
- Learn How to “Heart Your Parts!”: A quick guide of sexual and reproductive health tips
- What Your EQ Can Do for Your Relationship IQ: Harnessing emotional intelligence to positively impact relationships
- Clear Space to Be Well: Ways to enhance your space for better wellbeing
- Self-compassion: The Gift that Keeps on Giving: Finding ways to be kind to ourselves
Thank you for your kind words, your support for our efforts in workplace wellbeing and for your brave examples of hard work and commitment to lift up the people of UBC.
All the best for 2019!
Search Inside Yourself Leadership Institute (“Minute to arrive”)
Photo credit: Miranda Massie
By Miranda Massie on December 5, 2018
Imagine you have a close friend who is feeling stressed and overwhelmed, and they ask for your advice. What words of encouragement and support might you offer?
- “You’re doing great.”
- “Look at what you’ve accomplished.”
- “Give yourself a break.”
- “Take some time for yourself.”
- “What can I do to support you?”
Now imagine it is you that feels stressed and overwhelmed. Would you say these same things to yourself? Chances are, probably not. Typically, we are much harder on ourselves than we are on others. Finding ways to be kind to ourselves is especially important at busy times of the year like this.
Self-compassion is strongly linked to our wellbeing. It can reduce negative mind states such as anxiety, depression, stress, rumination, perfectionism and shame. It can also increase positive mind states like life satisfaction, happiness, connectedness, self-confidence, optimism, and gratitude.1
Three ways to enhance self-compassion:
1. Reframe negative thinking patterns
Our minds produce a constant stream of thoughts, a large portion of which are negative. A key to reducing the impact that these thoughts have on us is to identify negative self-talk and to reframe it towards the positive. For example, when you are being hard on yourself, notice these thoughts and ask yourself if you would say these things to someone you love. If not, why would you say them to yourself?
2. Focus on your practical wisdom
Sometimes it can feel like we are coming up short in aspects of our lives. When facing these thoughts, focus instead on your practical wisdom.2 We are all experts in something so discover what it is that gives you a sense of mastery and play to those strengths. Often these are skills and character traits that go unrecognized or underappreciated like empathy, intuition, altruism and self-reflection.
3. Acknowledge your emotional labour
We give a lot of ourselves to others, to our jobs, and to our communities — often doing so without realising or acknowledging the emotional energy that it requires. The emotional labour and effort we exert in managing and regulating our emotions in our personal and professional lives can impact our wellbeing.3 Acknowledging these efforts is a way of cultivating compassionate towards ourselves.
Other easy ways to practice self-compassion:
- Watch this two-minute video for tips on practicing self-compassion.
- Listen to this 10-minute guided meditation for self-compassion.
- Get ideas for enhancing self-compassion with these articles: Give the Gift of Self-compassion, 5 Ways to Thrive Today, Tomorrow and Beyond and Treat Yourself: Why you Deserve a Gift this Holiday Season
This busy holiday season, I invite you to be kind to yourself as well as those around you. Find ways to see the common humanity amongst us all and treat yourself with the same compassion and care that you do the people you love.
Warmest wishes to you, your colleagues and your loved ones this season.
All my best,
2 Eastman, C. A. (2016). Improving Workplace Learning by Teaching Literature: Towards Wisdom. Switzerland: Springer Nature. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29028-7
3 Bierema, L. L. (2008). Adult learning and the emotional self. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 120, 55–64. http://doi.org/10.1002/ace
Posted in Editorial, Miranda Massie | Tagged care, compassion, editorial, emotional labour, gift, Holidays, overwhelm, Relaxation, rest, self-care, self-compassion, thinking, wisdom | Leave a response
By Miranda Massie on October 23, 2018
How do you like to Thrive?
It’s nearly Thrive Week at UBC and I’m excited! An award-winning and nationally-recognized initiative, Thrive invites the UBC community to explore diverse and unique paths to mental health.
While there are many relevant ways to foster and maintain good mental health, research consistently points to five actions that can help.
We call these the Thrive 5:
1. Thrive by moving regularly: Moving regularly can help you manage stress and feel more positive.
2. Thrive by resting up: Spending time without screens before bed can help you sleep better and feel more rested.
3. Thrive by eating to feel nourished: Adding more veggies to your diet boosts the health of your mind and body.
4. Thrive by giving back: Helping others and giving back can give you a sense of purpose and connection.
5. Thrive by saying hi: Checking in regularly with family, friends and colleagues builds supportive relationships.
These five actions seem intuitive and simple enough, but in practice, they can seem like daunting tasks. I know that exercise, fruits and veggies, a full night’s sleep and social time are good for my health. But sometimes, all I have energy for is takeout and the couch, which leaves me feeling guilty or disappointed about my inaction.
What I’ve realised is that another critical part of my mental health is understanding my limitations and being self-compassionate. If we learn how to cut ourselves some slack, perhaps it will create the space needed to use the Thrive 5 more effectively.
This month, while I encourage you to use the Thrive 5 as ways to explore mental health, I also encourage you to listen to your needs. If all you feel like doing is going home and zoning out in front of the TV or going to sleep, do it. Enjoy the mental rest, forgive yourself and move on. There is always tomorrow.
And if tomorrow you’re looking for ideas to help you explore your own path to mental health, check out the Thrive Calendar for a range of engaging and diverse events, activities and experiences. Happy Thrive Week!
All my best,
Photo credit: Student Communications and UBC Thrive
Posted in Editorial, Mental Health, Miranda Massie | Tagged connection, eating, giving back, healthy diet, helping others, movement, physical activity, resilience, rest, sleep, social connection, thrive, Thrive 5, Thrive week | 1 Response
By Miranda Massie on October 3, 2018
Recently, I attended an engaging workshop hosted by a colleague on the topic of resilience. Beyond being a “wellness buzzword”, resilience is the capacity in each of us to draw on multiple sources of strengths, social networks and resources to overcome adversities.1 The great thing about resilience and overall mental health is that we can learn skills, tools and strategies that allow us to effect positive changes on our wellbeing.
One such strategy is social connection. UBC has identified social connection as one of the institution’s top five wellbeing priorities going forward. It is also strongly linked to resilience and is one of seven key strategies for building our ability to bounce back and overcome challenges.
Four ways to build social support:2
- Talk to someone. Use this connection to seek help, gain perspective and insight, or just to vent.
- Reach out. Family members, friends, colleagues or professionals can support you in different ways, depending on what you need and what their strengths are.
- Connect with your community. Try being active in a community-based group or organization. Already a part of a community group? You’re already increasing your social support and building resilience!
- Identify five or more meaningful connections in your life. Evidence shows that having five or more meaningful connections indicates a strong social support network. Try making a list of who you would turn to for different kinds of support (friend, resource, fun, mentor, challenger, appreciator, etc.)3
This month, I invite you to reflect on your social networks both at work and in your personal lives. Within these communities lies a wealth of knowledge and support that can be shared in order to strengthen our wellbeing.
Interested in learning more about the power of social connection? Watch this TEDx Talk “Connect or Die: The Surprising Power of Human Relationships” (12 minutes). Or, consider registering for our Building Resilience Workshop (Nov. 1) to discover more contributing factors to our mental health and resilience. Lastly, I’ll leave you with an infographic of top tips for creating a support system from our EFAP provider Morneau Shepell.
Wishing you a wonderful start to the fall.
All my best,
1Youth Resilience and Protective Factors Associated with Suicide in First Nations Communities, 2014.
2Building Resilience Workshop, UBC HR Health, Wellbeing and Benefits, 2017.
3Adapted from Neilson, M. 2012. Complete Workplace Wellness
Photo credit: UBC Brand & Marketing
By Miranda Massie on September 11, 2018
Welcome back to another academic year at UBC.
In our efforts to be our best professional selves to the populations we serve, we often overlook an important element: ourselves. It’s tempting to prioritize everything and everyone above ourselves, particularly during busy times of the year like September. The general sense of overwhelm can lead to increased stress, and if we’re unable to manage this stress, we tend to fall into negative behaviours that can result in ill health (mental, physical and emotional).
So what’s the solution? Instead of a one-off activity (that will ultimately find its way to the bottom of our to-do list), utilize self-care as an ongoing stress management tool. It’s best implemented through activities and practices that are small, manageable and either low-cost or no-cost; you’ll reduce as many barriers as possible and increase success.
There are effective ways to incorporate self-care in both personal and professional settings to enhance your overall resilience and reduce stress. If you are finding it difficult to come up with self-care strategies of your own, use some of our ideas below.
Strategies to inspire self-care in your professional setting: [1,2]
- Set clear expectations of self and others.
- Be open to help offered by others.
- Share your feelings (with someone or with yourself).
- Find ways to infuse humour into your day. Can you see the lighter side of situations or interactions?
- Make a fulfillment list: write down the aspects of your job that you find the most rewarding, fulfilling and nurturing. Keep it handy.
- Try the ‘3 Things a Day” rule. Start your day by listing three, non-negotiable tasks that you want to accomplish and schedule your day in order to prioritize them. It gets things done while producing a sense of accomplishment.
Strategies to incorporate personal self-care: [1,2]
- Make gratitude Post-it Notes.
- Start eating breakfast or add protein to your breakfast.
- Spice up your water. Try flavoured or fizzy water to encourage hydration.
- Stand, stretch or change the position that you are in at the top of every hour.
- Create a sleep routine to encourage quality sleep.
- Take a 5-minute digital detox (no devices!)
This month, I invite you to try implementing just one new self-care strategy using the examples above. I hope that it will help to keep your own wellbeing in mind while you’re working and serving our broader UBC communities.
Happy school year!
All my best,
 The Resilient Practitioner: Burnout and Compassion Fatigue Prevention and Self-Care Strategies for Helping Professionals, Skovholt and Trotter Mathison, 2011.
 Transforming the Pain: A Workbook on Vicarious Traumatization, Pearlman & Staff, 1996.
Photo Credit: UBC Communications & Marketing