The Faculty Recruitment Guide is designed to assist selection committees in recruiting, interviewing, and selecting the best candidate for tenure and tenure-track faculty positions. We hope this guide provides you with the tools to develop a selection process that is bias-free, that complies with federal government regulations on hiring foreign academics and avoids potential complaints about human rights and privacy violations.
- Prior to Recruiting
- Preparing the Advertisement
- Placing the Advertisement
- Selection Committee
- Selection Process: General Guidelines
- Selection Process: Screening Applications
- Selection Process: Interviewing Candidates
- Identifying the Successful Candidate
- The Appointment Process
Prior to Recruiting
a) Analyze your unit’s immediate and future needs, referring to Place & Promise and your Faculty/Department unit plan. Determine the diversity of faculty presently in your unit. Are members of the groups designated in UBC’s Employment Equity Policy – visible minority group members, women, Aboriginal persons, persons with disabilities, persons with minority sexual orientations and gender identity – represented at all levels of employment? As part of the hiring plan, the unit should review their Faculty’s Equity Plan to ensure consistency with the Faculty’s equity programs and strategies.
b) Establish objective, measurable criteria, such as education and experience, which will help determine a candidate’s chances for success in a specific position. Consider criteria such as the ability to work with diverse students and colleagues or experience with a variety of teaching methods and curricular perspectives. Weigh the criteria in terms of their relative importance. Review the selection committee guidelines from your Dean’s Office and the UBC Resources for Hiring Committees to assist in planning and implementing best hiring practices.
Preparing the Advertisement
a) Ensure that all advertisements meet the advertising guidelines for faculty positions and are consistent with UBC Policy 20: Advertising of Position Vacancies. Note especially that all advertisements must include the following: “UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We encourage all qualified persons to apply. Canadians and permanent residents of Canada will be given priority.” We recommend the full equity statement as provided in the UBC Advertisement Template Checklist.
b) Prepare the advertisement using inclusive language in order not to exclude designated employment equity group members: it is suggested that you use language of Policy 20.
c) To attract and secure the best possible candidate, use the objective measurable criteria established earlier when listing qualifications in your advertisements. Note especially that in the event you may need to hire a non-Canadian, you must explain why Canadian applicants did not meet the advertised qualifications. For example, if your department knows it will not consider candidates for a position unless they have ten years of experience, that requirement should be spelled out in the advertisement. As well, your department should use phrases like “demonstrable excellence” in teaching or research to establish the qualifications for the position.
d) Send the advertisement to your Dean who, upon granting approval, will forward it to the Provost for final approval at the Vancouver campus and the Deputy Vice Chancellor at the Okanagan campus. Please refer to the advertising guidelines for further details, and particularly to the UBC Advertisement Template Checklist. Provide your Dean’s office with a completed hiring plan along with the advertisement. You may use the provided template or another approved for use by your Faculty.
b) To reach the widest audience of qualified candidates, utilize not only conventional, but also alternative media of interest to equity-seeking groups. Consider advertising positions in the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW) or other specialized publications such as the Canadian Journal of Native Studies, Society for Canadian Women in Science and Technology Newsletter, or Senior Women Academic Administrators (SWAAC).
c) Proactive recruitment: although all vacancies must be advertised, use additional means to encourage qualified applicants, such as contacting colleagues at other universities. List serves and professional associations may also provide free advertising opportunities. Implement and document any proactive recruitment strategies used during advertising as part of your unit’s development of successful strategies for broad recruitment. Examples can be found on the Sample Hiring Checklist and Recruitment Plan.
a) Ensure that the selection committee chair and members understand their roles in the selection process and their roles as representatives of the University.
b) Ensure that selection committee members understand the importance of maintaining confidentiality and are not in any conflict of interest, such as personal relationships. See UBC Policy #97: Conflict of Interest and Conflict of Commitment.
c) Ensure that members of employment-equity groups are included on selection committees. If your unit does not have designated-group members, consider inviting a member from a related department to assist in the selection process.
d) Ensure that all panel members are available to interview all candidates in order to ensure that each candidate is given an equal opportunity to demonstrate her/his suitability for the position.
e) Ensure that all members of the interview team are familiar with competency-based interviewing. In competency-based interviewing, candidates are encouraged to use actual examples from their work-related situations that demonstrate the required skills and core competencies.
f) Ensure that all members of the interview team are aware of ways human rights legislation affects the questions they may ask.
g) Provide orientation for selection committee members. Contact Faculty Relations at the Vancouver campus, or George Athans in Human Resources at the Okanagan campus, for assistance. Enquire with your Faculty (Dean’s office) on potential in-house selection committee workshops. Review the equity/diversity orientation materials.
h) UBC’s Faculty Collective Agreement (Part 4: Conditions of Appointment for Faculty) indicates consultation through standing committees. Ensure broad input from diverse viewpoints to the selection committee, particularly when the committee is small. Broad input is recommended at the stages of short listing, interviewing and selection of successful candidate(s).
Selection Process Guidelines
a) In order to comply with provincial Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy (FOIPOP) and Human Rights legislation, all members of the selection committee should ensure an objective and transparent process.
b) Keep a factual record of the recruitment and selection process. Include copies of advertisements as well as descriptions of special measures to recruit members of the designated groups. Should human rights groups or government agencies inquire about your recruitment and selection procedures, you may be required to produce evidence that your hiring process was fair. Records must be kept for a period of one year from the time of the interview and should be filed in a secure place.
c) Be aware that employers may legally discriminate against candidates on the basis of “bona fide occupational requirements” (BFORs), but these occupational requirements must be applied in good faith and relate objectively to candidates’ ability to perform essential aspects of a specific position. BFORs must be applied consistently to all candidates.
d) To track the success of your proactive recruitment in attracting equity groups to your applicant pool(s), your unit (or Faculty) should implement an applicant employment equity survey. Find instructions and examples here. Tracking applicant pools before deadlines will inform the search committee of its success of proactive recruitment strategies and any needs to alter its strategies.
Note: especially that in the event you may need to hire a foreign academic, you must explain why Canadian and permanent resident applicants did not meet the advertised qualifications (please review the immigration process for foreign academics and the Recruiting Foreign Academics information for further information). For example, if your department knows it will not consider candidates for a position unless they have ten years of experience, that requirement should be spelled out in the advertisement. As well, your department should use phrases like “demonstrable excellence” in teaching or research to establish the qualifications for the position.
a) Review and evaluate each application against the previously established criteria that are job-relevant, objective, and measurable.
b) Establish your short list of candidates based on those who meet the minimum advertised qualifications. From this pool, derive your interview shortlist. Departments must be able to document and justify the way in which they developed the short list.
c) Ensure that you do not unreasonably exclude applicants who have qualifications or experience acquired in non-traditional ways; rather, look for diversity in background, experience, and research.
d) Ensure that you do not unreasonably exclude part-time and sessional faculty from the search process, given that women and visible minority faculty may be more represented in these ranks.
e) If members of employment equity groups do not make it to the short-list, review the applications to ensure the list does not reflect bias. For example, stereotypical assumptions about the importance of an uninterrupted work record may disadvantage women, persons with disabilities, or recent immigrants. Ask yourself: is an uninterrupted work record a valid test of a candidate’s ability to meet the requirements of a position?
f) UBC is required to supply the number of Canadian/Permanent Resident applicants and the number of foreign applicants to Citizenship and Immigration Canada. As such you will need to pose the following question to applicants who have not identified their legal entitlement to work in Canada: “As priority is given to Canadian citizens and Canadian permanent residents, could you advise of whether you are a Canadian citizen or a Canadian permanent resident?”
g) Before approval of the shortlist, the Faculty (Dean’s office) will review and discuss the shortlist with your unit regarding your documented recruitment efforts in context of applicant pool and availability data.
h) Keep applicants informed as to the progress of the search, either by email, letter, or website.
a) Prior to the interview, develop a set of questions based on job-related criteria and ask all candidates, including internal ones, the same questions. For example, if the job requires travel, do not ask candidates to describe their family responsibilities. Ask all candidates – men and women alike – if they are available to travel. In this way you can make valid comparative judgments.
b) Ask questions that relate directly to the BFORs of the position and avoid questions relating to protected human rights grounds, such as sex, ancestry, disability or sexual orientation. For guidelines on questions employers may ask to gather information that relates to ability to do the job, review What May I Ask? and A Guide to Screening and Selection in Employment.
c) Ensure that questions assess criteria that can be evaluated objectively.
d) Be aware that Employment& Social Development Canad (ESDC) allows selection committees to consider “fit” when evaluating applicants. “Fit” refers to a candidate’s ability to make a positive contribution to the departmental environment. Committees must ensure that “fit” is not used inappropriately to indulge personal biases or to discriminate against candidates from groups protected by human rights legislation.
e) Schedule the candidates’ presentations so that all voting committee members can attend. Should committee members miss meetings or presentations, ensure that there are notes or tapes that enable them to stay informed. Interview arrangements are coordinated by the Department.
f) Remember that candidates are also making decisions about UBC. Be prepared to arrange meetings between candidates and campus resources, such as, at the Vancouver Campus, First Nations House of Learning, and UBC Access and Diversity, and at the Okanagan Campus, resources identified by the Equity Advisor. Candidates may also wish to be put in touch with Housing & Relocation Services to better understand the university’s provisions for new faculty.
g) Be aware that UBC has an Equipment Accommodation Fund to provide adaptive equipment for employees with disabilities.
i) Provide all candidates with information on opportunities available to new faculty, such as research and housing grants, and mentoring programs.
j) Human rights legislation prohibits both intentional and unintentional discrimination. Keep in mind that the legality of the selection process does not rest upon your intentions, but rather upon the consistency with which you treat the candidates and the types of questions you ask them.
k) Review the equity/diversity orientation materials and develop consistent methods with broad input on the candidates based on the selection criteria. Ensure that this input is available to the selection and departmental standing committees.
Identifying the Successful Candidate
a) Request a meeting of eligible members of the Department to identify the successful candidate and vote per the Faculty Collective Agreement (Part 4: Conditions of Appointment for Faculty).
(i) Any new tenure stream appointment without tenure requires only one vote, for which all tenure stream faculty are eligible to participate.
(ii) Any new tenure stream appointment with tenure requires two votes – (1) for the appointment at the advertised rank (all tenure stream faculty are eligible to vote) and (2) for tenure (only those eligible to vote as per Chart B)”
If the selection committee includes members that are not voting, ensure that the selection committee’s process and recommendations are clearly communicated to the departmental standing committee.
b) Offer positions to citizens and permanent residents of Canada before offering them to foreign candidates if qualified and meet the selection criteria.
c) Whether interviewed or not, all unsuccessful applicants must be told in writing that they were unsuccessful prior to the public announcement of the hire. Be prepared to give detailed reasons for the rejection of all Canadian and permanent resident applicants.
d) Perform a thorough reference check of the successful candidate by telephone. Note that you should only contact references provided by the candidate unless you have sought the candidate’s permission to contact others or unless the candidate is currently / was previously employed by UBC.
e) Before making a formal offer to a successful candidate, your Dean should seek approval of the offer from the Provost at the Vancouver campus and the Deputy Vice Chancellor at the Okanagan campus.
f) Be willing to re-start a search process if you do not find an excellent candidate.
g) Make a conditional offer in writing to the successful candidate. Avoid suggestions that UBC’s policies are a mere formality, lack significance, or will not present a barrier to the appointment. We encourage you to use the offer letter templates.
The Appointment Process
a) The Faculty Appointment Package
The Department forwards the appointment package to the Dean. Upon the Dean’s recommendation, the appointment package is then forwarded to:
- at the Vancouver campus: Faculty Relations, who seek approval from the Provost
- at the Okanagan campus: Deputy Vice Chancellor
b) The Senior Appointments Committee Recommendation (if applicable)
Recommendations at the rank of Associate Professor, Professor and Senior Instructor must be forwarded to the Senior Appointments Committee (SAC) (See The Guide to Promotion and Tenure Procedures at UBC for details) via Faculty Relations at the Vancouver campus and the Deputy Vice Chancellor at the Okanagan campus. Faculty Relations at the Vancouver campus will coordinate with SAC on all recommendations. SAC recommends appointments to the President who then decides for or against appointments.
c) Foreign Academic Package
For the appointment of all foreign academics, specific immigration-related documents must be forwarded to Faculty Relations (Vancouver campus) or Human Resources (Okanagan campus). Please ensure you review the information on the Foreign Academics Recruitment Page and ensure you are adhering to the recordkeeping requirements and that all necessary documentation is forwarded to Faculty Relations/Human Resources as early as possible.
As per Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) regulations, recruitment records for foreign nationals must be kept on file for 6 years.
Please note that Section 9 provides a snapshot of the appointment process and does not contain all of the administrative details. If you require more information about the appointment process, please contact: